Volinia (in Ukrainian : Волинь, Volyn', in Polish : Wołyń, in Russian : Волынь, Volyn' ; also call Volynia or Volhynia and, at certain moments of history: Lodomeria ) includes/understands the historical region of the west of the Ukraine located between the rivers Prípiat and Western Bug, to the south of Polesia, until the north of the Central European region of Galitzia and Podolia . The area is one of of the first regions in been to have inhabited by Slavic towns . Part of the historical Volinia forms Oblast de Volyn now, Rivne and parts of Oblast de Zhytomyr and Ternopil in the Ukraine, as well as parts of Poland (to see Chelm ).
Main cities: Lutsk (the historical capital), Zhytomyr, Kovel, Kremenets and Novohrad-Volynsky .
After Third distribution of Poland ( 1795 ) the Eastern part of Volinia was annexed to Russian Empire whereas the western part passed to Austrian control along with Galicia constituting after 1867 in Austrohungarian Empire a subordinated principality of called Austria Galitzia and Lodomeria . By the end of Century XIX being Volinia under the power of Russian Zarato inhabited a little more 200,000 there German most of they emigrated of territories of the Pole Kingdom of the Congress, a small amount of Czech colonists settled in the region.
In 1916, during World War I the Volinia (next to the surrounding regions) was invaded by Secondly Reich, after Russian revolution of 1917 and the formal conclusion of World War I the territory of the Volinia was one of the battlefields between different forces: the Communists of Red Army, the anti-communists " blancos", the Ukrainian nationalists, the Polish nationalists…
Towards 1920 the territory was under the Soviet control of formally being sanctioned such control by the then Eastern limits granted to Poland by means of Curzon Line, but in 1921 after War Pole-Soviet practically all the western half of Volinia happened to comprise of Polish Krezy, with the name of Polish Voivodato of Volinia, like reaction to the occupation of the western region by Poland, Stalin between 1935 and 1939 deported the Polish settlers of the Eastern Volinia, this was the first ethnic deportation in the history of USSR .
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