is one of thirteen Peruvian Provinces that conform Cajamarca Region . limits the north with province of Jaén, the east with Amazon Region, the south with Province of Chota and the west with Lambayeque Region .

Location

The Province of Cutervo is located in the central part of the geographic space of the Cajamarca region, in the central Chain of the Northern Sector of Andes of Peru . Their corrdenadas are: between 5º 40´ 39” in its northern end, formed by the confluence of the rivers Chamaya and Marañón, in the Jayua, to borders of Chotano River, District of Cutervo . Latitude the West: Between the 10 meridians 78º `36”, in its western ends, the hill Captain of District of Querocotillo .

km has a superficial extension of 3.028,46 ² that represents 0.2% of the total surface of the country.

It limits by the north with the Province of Jaén; by the east with Province of Utcubamba ( Amazon ) and Province of Chota ; by the south with Province of Chota ; and by the west with Province of Chota and Province of Ferreñafe ( Lambayeque ).

History

According to the cronistas as Felipe Huamán Poma de Ayala on the “First Ages or Four Generations of men” previous to the conquest offers the most valuable picture of traditional wisdom, it says that the four generations who populated the $andes are:
  • Pacarimoc Runa or people of the aurora of the humanity.

  • Purun Runa, " Men salvajes".
  • Wari Runa or Agriculturists, shepherds, ceramists, weavers, goldsmiths and architects.
  • Auca Runa or soldiers, conquerors and politicians.

The prehistoric and archaeological investigations realized in the last decades demonstrate that indeed, the rearranged story of Huamán Poma keeps harmony with the recent facts shortages. The oldest men or Pacarimoc Runa lived in caverns, example in the caves of Lauricocha demonstrated by August Cardich and Soft Jorge in Toquepala, Richard Mc Neish in Ayacucho and Ramiro Matos Mendieta in Junín .

The Purun runa or second generation crossed all the territory, inventoried their characteristics and natural resources and in agreement with them, put name to the places with which they emphasized in sequence saltante of each place of the human needs. When walking they laid the ways; discovered all the Abras to happen vice versa from east to the West and, or of the south to north and the other way around. In order to travel they used summits of the Andean chains, especially those of cross-sectional chains that separate the diverse river basins, as a result of this, still today appears obvious Huellas of chaquinanis or ways “of on foot” show the intense traffic that by them was realized.

Later, Inca Túpac Yupanqui, when wanting to expand incaico Empire, puts under the towns of this region, according to Garcilazo, around 1475, receiving influence Incas until the arrival of Conquering Spanish to Peru .

; Historical data

  • 28 of January of 1825 Cutervo is promoted to the rank of dependant district of Chota.

  • Of 1863 to 1868, is realized the construction of the main temple.
  • In January of 1871 Cutervo is promoted to the rank of City, being the first mayor Don. Pablo Guerrero Herrera Moon.
  • In the year of 1901 the town of Cutervo names to the Meeting of Promotion of the interests of Cutervo.
  • By law 1296 of 22 of October of 1910 occurred to the creation of Province of Cutervo .

Political division

With a superficial extension of 3.028,46 km ² that represents 0.2% of the total surface of the country and is divided in fifteen districts:

  • Cutervo

  • Callayuc
  • Choros
  • Cujillo
  • the Ramada
  • Pimpingos
  • Querocotillo
  • San Andres de Cutervo
  • San Juan de Cutervo
  • San Luis of Lucma
  • Santa Cruz
  • Santo Domingo of the Chapel
  • Santo Tomás
  • Socota
  • Toribio Casanova

Population

The Province of Cutervo at present has a Population of 162.686 inhabitants, being located in the fourth place of the provinces more populated with Department of Cajamarca . It lodges 11% of the population with respect to the departmental total: The Urban Population is of 19,00% and Rural 81%.

Agriculture and Cattle ranch

Agriculture and cattle ranch form the base of the economy of Cutervo. The population dedicated directly to the agricultural and cattle activities in 1981, was of 71. In 1993 was considered in 71,5%. In April of 2002 it is considered about 23.069 farming producers. As far as the private property and the Earth use it predominates the smallholding and the small parcels. A 63% of the agricultural units have an extension smaller to three hectares. The smallholding, the type of car cultures consumption and the traditional and devoid technology of applied technological improvements, are productive units that do not guarantee a sustainable familiar subsistence.

Transport

The Province of Cutervo still has limitations for its road interconnection. Of the 15 districts that conform the territorial scope, 4 districts are still not articulated with the provincial capital. The existing communication channels are not adapted to facilitate the access to the main centers of commerce of the departments of Lambayeque and Cajamarca .

Nevertheless the Province of Cutervo Integra two important axes of development, through the Cutervo highway - Chiclayo, and the highway Elm trees - burned Corral.

Capital

The capital of the province is the city of Cutervo . Cutervo is a typical city of the mountain range of Peru, located to 2637 m., relatively small, seated in an irregular land on the skirts of Ilucan Hill .

Attractive the most important ones are in their traditions and festivals (carnivals, fairs of Virgin of Asuncio'n, Turina Fair of San Juan, the Aisas given at the end of Celebration of San Juan ), as well as their bordering countrysides and places (Yacuchingana, Cahquil, San Rafael, the Sandy ground, Chipuluc, etc.) that characterize by their beauty landscaper.

National park

Created in 1961 by management of the Dr. Salomón Vílchez Murga, it is located in western mountains of Peru, his extension is 8 215,23 Is according to law 28860 of 5 of August of 2006, where also one settles down the cartographic limits and landmarks, forming the base to preserve the existing biodiversity before the threatening indiscriminate cutting of his forests and the intensive hunting of the fauna.

It is also seen

.

Random links:Bulldog Mansion | CÃes islands | Dolichopsis | Festival of Dogs 2004 | Letrilla

© 2007-2008 speedlook.com; article text available under the terms of GFDL, from fr.wikipedia.org