MILONGÓN: Musical sort born and developed in the city of Montevideo (Uruguay). It has his origin in candombe; their composers were musical of black race of this city, whose identity is had with time lost. Is music composed for dance, does not stop to sing.

The atmosphere where milongón in colonial Montevideo was cultivated was in the extrawalls of the city. Later in second half of century XIX and until the beginning of century XX milongón was touched in bodegones of the Old City and Watered down and in the orillero dance halls like the one Luciano Fonseca in the district the Union or the Yellow and Pink the district the Passage of the Mill. It is purely Uruguayan, montevideana music, of black origin. Many of these musical pieces were compiled by the guitarrero Alberto Gallotti, (“Bachicha”) that previously touched this music in many of the mentioned places and in the premises that was called “the Truffle” that was located in the Uruguay street corner Eduardo Acevedo. According to it documents to Ferdinand Pontac in the newspaper “the Day” of date 30/07/1961, Gallotti learned to touch milongones in “… The pure black Concertina, society, in the Reus district to the South and where they appeared Aguilar (not the one of the great Gardel) the dientudo, the Isaz brown. Bachicha was the unique target to that was admitted in the wheel, honorable exception by its qualities of extraordinary interpreter.”

In second half of century XX milongón stopped practicing as dance music and already remained in nuclei of respectful musicians of this sort and that knew Bachicha, like the recognized guitarists Abel and Agustín Carlevaro, like Arthur Prestinari, like the Paschal one, the Tripaldi, Rodolfo Carriquiri, Drink Ponce of Leon, the Barruti and other nuclei of lovers of music.

In the National Library of the Eastern Republic of Uruguay there is a disc recorded by Oscar Morasca, Juan Carlos Barruti and Leopoldo Clary that registers many of milongones that touched Alberto Gallotti.

They also exist, in the SODRE, recordings of some of those milongones realized by the brothers Federico and Donato “Tucho” Tripaldi in the decade of 1950.

A published disc of commercial circulation in the decade of 1960 also exists that contains some milongones interpreted to the piano by Drinks Ponce of Leon accompanied by the guitarists Germa'n and Carlos Barruti and Donato “Tucho” Tripaldi.

In addition a compact disc exists, of commercial circulation, published by the Ayuí seal that jointly has some of those musical pieces recorded by the brothers Abel and Agustín Carlevaro with the guitarist Julio Fontela.

Milongones original compiled by Alberto Gallotti and that is registered in the National Library in version of Oscar Morasca, Juan Carlos Barruti and Leopoldo Clary is: - The Repique - Conversation of Blacks (figure with the name “the Grandfathers and the Negritos”) - The Drizzle - The Gale - The Orillero - Camping - The Very small one - The Call - The Sofa of the Pink one - Fat End - Comadre - The Cocaine

Milongones original compiled by Alberto Gallotti that is registered in disc of the Ayuí seal in version of Abel and Agustín Carlevaro and Julio Fontela is: - Milongón for Bordonas - Camping - Conversation of Blacks - The Orillero

Milongones original compiled by Alberto Gallotti that is registered in the Sodre in version of the Tripaldi brothers is: - The Orillero - Camping - The Call - The Hilario Black.

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