City Melchor Múzquiz, head of the municipality of Múzquiz, Coahuila . Its population, according to the national census of the year 2000 is of 63.733 inhabitants ( Inegi ). President of Mexico in 1832 must his name to Melchor Múzquiz been born in his territory.
The municipality of Múzquiz, occupies the part center-north of the state of Coahuila de Saragossa ; it is the second of the municipalities of this organization as far as territorial extension, is considered a total surface of 8 128. It is located between 27°33´36” and 28°59´24” of North latitude; and between -101°14´24” and 102°48´00” of west longitude within Subprovince Fisiográfica of Mountain ranges and Coahuilenses Plains in its territorial majority, besides some areas of the Municipality in mention located within the Subprovinces Fisiográficas of Mountainous area of the Donkey and Plains of Coahuila and Nuevo Leo'n . It limits the north with the Municipality of Acuña, the east with Saragossa, San Juan de Sabinas and Savins ; to the south with Progress and to the west with San Buenaventura and Ocampo .
In the municipality they are born the San Juan river (savins), the Alamos river and several streams between which they emphasize the Rucias, the Lajita, Zamora, the Blade.
The municipality counts on 11 springs (water births), of which 7 are permanent, as well as the sulphurous water spring in the gun ¨El Potrero¨ and the spring known like ¨Socavón¨, both in the mountain range of Santa Rosa.
In the high zones of mountains the forests abound with pines, oaks, cedars, walnuts and savins. whereas in the low zones they abound huizache, the yucca, mezquite among others. In the borders of the rivers and streams savins abound, poplars, walnuts and oaks.
The fauna includes animal like black bear, deer, squirrel, guajolote, wild ducks or real eagle. Species of reptiles like the bell viper exist. Between the aquatic species ¨Bagre Ciego De Múzquiz¨ is a only species of fish in the called world call thus to live in grottos and underground water-bearing mantles, reason why lacks the sense of the view.
Cities and main localities
City Melchor Múzquiz
Like municipal head, it concentrates a great important part of the economic activity of the municipality, when being in her a good percentage of the total population of the Municipality, is the city that has but inhabitants of high resources (high class) in all the carboniferous region. besides being located in her the offices of diverse dependancies and nongovernmental enterprise organisms, in addition it emphasizes by the importance his cattle activity, especially by the high genetic quality of his cattle ranches, in addition the activity to the agricultural production, where they emphasize the production of: Maize, Wheat, Sorghum and Nut.
The city Melchor Muzquiz was founded on the year of 1739 by captain Miguel Of the Heron Falcon. this serious military prison that serviria for the control of the attacks of the natives that inhabited the region of the valley of Santa Rosa. being called in that then Santa Rosa Maria of the Sacrament. that later him change the name when acendio to the category of town with the name of ¨villa of Santa Rosa¨ and finally llamandoze Melchor Muzquiz in honor to the Gral.Muzquiz of this valley.
Mineral located to 10 km of the municipal head their main economic activity is: the extraction of mineral Coal for the Iron and steel industries.
Mineral located to 20 km of the municipal head their main economic activity is mining.
Locality located to 15 km of the municipal head their main economic activity is mining and agriculture.
In this municipality approximately 72 rural localities are located, considering centers of population of ejidales communities and small properties, reason why we can say that it is an especially rural municipality with a very important farming activity for the local and regional economy.
The Municipality of Múzquiz counts on a communications network that allows him to be integrated well to the Be in favor of highway, railroad and airports; by federal highway it has access through the 57 turning aside in the relationship towards Palaú to arrive in this way at the municipal head.
Through railroad, one also communicates to the south-east northeast and of Coahuila, as well as to the north with the state of Texas, the United States, by this route is transported an important amount of products that are imported and exported to the United States of North America.
Road network allows communication of municipality with rest of State through Wagon federal 57, that in its passage ties some cities like Monclova and Wagon 53 federal that communicates to Múzquiz with Fuzes of the Carmen, this facilitates the transport of Fluorite that is extracted in the mountain range of Santa Rosa, who through the state highway Múzquiz- New Rosita communicates with federal highway no. 57
Muzquiz counts on appropriate options of basic, secondary education and of average superior as Conalep is it (National School of Technical Professional Education) with presence from 1979, also it counts on institutions of state level like Cecytec (School of Scientific and Technological Studies of the State of Coahuila) with establishments in Palau and Barroterán; EBURR (School of Bachelors Urban Las Rioja Rendón) of the Independent University of Coahuila ( UAdeC ), with other two built-in schools (IENC, Bachelors of Palau) and some options of open education ( IEEA ). Recently a branch of UANE closed its doors (Independent University of the Northeast) campus Blunt Adolph, Private Institute that offered education Superior and Average superior and that by but of one decade generated important amount of profesionistas and bachelors in the municipality.
The railway infrastructure has been vitally important for the development of the mining in the state, some of its main branches in the region are: of Savins to New Rosita and Melchor Múzquiz; and of Beyond a City Coins .
The territory of the Municipality of Múzquiz, although characterized by his barren and semi-arid conditions, by his orography and geographic position also it presents/displays a high diversity of ecosystems and of species, combined to the varied thing of his natural resources it causes that the description of the physical-natural system represents a technical challenge in itself.
By previous the description of the physical-natural system of the Municipal territory one leans in propose ecological regionalisation by the National Institute of Ecology (SEDESOL, 1993), which is based on the integration of landscaping or morphologic the approaches classic, genetic and parametric, adopting for it a hierarchic structure, retaking the works of National Institute of Statistical Geography and Computer science (INEGI) and of extinct National Institute of Investigation of Biotic Resources (INIREB).
With respect to the Subprovince Fisiográfica, the regional level corresponds to the intermediate fisiográficas units and include/understand geomorphological associations as they are the mountain ranges, plateaus, lomeríos, gorges, valleys, etc., with climates, characteristic vegetation, geology, hydrology and grounds. In addition, the limits of the Subprovince Fisiográficas correspond to which the INEGI denominates “fisiográficas subprovince” and “discontinuity”.
Thus, with this classification, the Municipality of Múzquiz is located within two ecological zones, the Zone; that it includes nine fisiográficas subprovinces: coahuilenses mountain ranges and plains, mountainous area of the Donkey, and Plains of Coahuila and Nuevo Leo'n. The description of the biotic and abiotic factors of the physical-natural system of the Municipality uses these Subprovinces Fisiográficas for the development of the climate subjects, physiography, hydrography, geology, grounds, flora and fauna.
Concerning the Ecological Zones, the barren zone is of great interest since the totality of the surface of the municipality this including in this reason why is of great interest due to all the range of adaptations of the flora and fauna and to the great diversity of the same, consequence of a great amount of microatmospheres, apart from which it is considered that it is the ecosystem that more easily becomes due to the intervention of the man.
Places of tourist interest
Park ¨La cascada¨
natural originating water spa of spring of the mine San Juan (Cavern), is a full place of great vegetation and area to practice certain sports.
Pink parish of ¨Santa of Lima¨
it is the architectural work considered but the beautiful one of all the carboniferous region since it has a facade of baroque style with certain touch of Romance style.
Historical museum of Muzquiz
old construction that before was the school for children ¨Melchor Muzquiz¨. nowadays it is a place where there are exhibitions of the local history of Múzquiz.
perfect place to go of stroll and to know downtown of Muzquiz, where they are possible to be tasted of famous and delicious ¨Raspas¨.
Altogether the city of Múzquiz offers several options to him to pass an pleasant and pleasant stay in this so calm and beautiful city.
Between the regional gastronomy they emphasize like appetizer milk candies, the candies of piloncillo and nut, and the cheese elaboration and panelas, as well as the elaboration of cacauates marinaded with garlic.
the main musical sorts that are listened to are: I generate grupero, northern music, cumbia, run etc. also the sorts are listened to in small portion of: music MGP.
Illustrious personages of Múzquiz
Melchor Múzquiz Arrieta (1788-1844) was president of the Republic, Delegated by Coahuila and Mexico, in addition, was twice governor of the State of Mexico.
White Miguel Múzquiz (1814-1900) General. Secretary military and Navy with president Benito Juárez, were the one who received the official part of the famous battle of Puebla.
Jose Gallant (1896-1953) Doctor. Man of great philanthropic sense, was President Municipal, in his honor, the civil hospital takes his name.
Jose Maria Heron Native Gallant illustrates that he reached the gubernatura of our state and brought great benefits during his mandate. Maltos cross Chestnut grove (1892-1917) General. Famous by its value and I throw in the battles against the Gral. Their rest are in the roundhouse of the illustrious men of the city of Melchor Múzquiz, Coahuila.
Castilian Raul Jiménez (1902-1992) Licensed. He was private secretary of Cardinal red president Lazaro when the oil expropriation was declared, was also ambassador of Mexico in Cuba. In addition, Senator Was delegated and.
Múzquiz also has given to the seventh art artists like Agustín Insunza, Carlos Múzquiz, Julio Gallant Romo and Laila Buentello.
For the effects of the election of federal and local Deputies, the municipality is integrated in:
XVII Local Electoral District of Coahuila with head in City Melchor Muzquiz .
II Federal Electoral District of Coahuila with head in San Pedro of the Colonies .