Jose Núñez de Cáceres ( Santo Domingo, 14 of March of 1772 - City Victory, Tamaulipas, Mexico, 11 of September of 1846 ) was literate and a Dominican politician, first in its country in using Literature as weapon of social and political denunciation.
Jose Núñez de Cáceres was born the 14 from March of 1772 1779, in the city of Santo Domingo. They were its parents Francisco Núñez and Maria Dawn. The mother died few days after the birth of the boy who the 23 of March of that one same añ was taken to the baptismal battery by his uncle Dean D. Jose Núñez de Cáceres. Hers grew under the cares of an aunt pobrísima, Maria Núñez
declared in 1821 the independence of its mother country proposing its incorporation to the Great Colombia, and soon lived in Venezuela, where had active participation in the separatist movement known like the Cosiata ( 1826 ). It studied right in the Real and Pontifical University of Santo Tomás de Aquino, in its native city.
In 1795, to the being yielded by Spain to France the Eastern part of the island the Spanish (present Dominican Republic ), Real Hearing of Santo Domingo was transferred to Port Prince, and Núñez de Cáceres, was named relator of this Hearing.
By the end of 1808, to the being overcome the Dominican French forces of occupation by and the Spanish, returned to Santo Domingo where Sunk Wood wrote its famous song To the winners of in the action of 7 of November of 1808.
When Santo Domingo returned to be able from Spain had participation, between 1810 and 1813, in the government like lieutenant of governor, legal adviser and intendant. In 1812, had the emission paper money and adopted emergencia measures. In 1815, evolved like director of University of Santo Domingo .
In May, it developed intense conspirativas activities; being worth of its official position of lieutenant of governor and auditor military, managing to gain for its cause the heads of several military bodies, and to at night arrest of 30 of November of 1821 the governor and commander in chief. Finally, the 1 of December was constituted the “Independent State of Spanish Haiti”, to differentiate it from the ex- French colony, Haiti, and where Núñez de Cáceres exerted the presidency of the provisional government.
The new State, whose leaders feared an invasion of the neighbor Haiti, was placed under the protection of the Great Colombia. Núñez de Cáceres sent like emissary before Simon Bolivar, president of the Great Colombia, to Antonio Maria Pineda, that did not get to meet with the Liberator then this one had already launched the campaign of the south.
Although Núñez de Cáceres tried to obtain to the recognition of independent Hispanic Santo Domingo by the Republic of Haiti, the president of the neighboring Republic, Jean Pierre Boyer, not only it rejected the idea but it invaded the territory of the Eastern part.
When receiving Bolivar the news of happened 1 of previous December in Santo Domingo (8.1822), declared itself arranged to help the Dominican ones, but the “Independent State of Spanish Haiti” stopped existing the following day, 9 of February of 1822, when president Boyer made his entrance in the capital from Santo Domingo to the control of his troops. Before these circumstances Núñez de Cáceres it gave the keys to him of the city and one retired to the private life. In August, he was still in Santo Domingo, making clandestine managements to obtain support of the authorities of the Great Colombia. By the end of 1822, was with its family in Maracaibo.
In 1824, he was in Caracas, exerting the printer office. Its factory they left, during the years of 1824 to 1826, several newspapers, books and pamphlets; between newspapers they appear: the Comet and the Caracas Constitutionalist, as well as the last numbers of the Venezuelan . When exploding the movement of the Cosiata took in him a very active part. 5 of May of 1826, when the Municipality of Caracas decided to adhere to the revolution initiated in Valencia 30 of April and to confer plenary sessions to him powers to the general Jose Antonio Páez, Jose Núñez de Cáceres was commissioner, jointly with Pedro Pablo Diaz, to take the news to him to Páez.
14 of May was next to this one when reaffirmed in Valencia its disobedience to the orders of the government of Bogota. Later, Páez appointed its secretary, position that exerted until beginnings of January of 1827 . 7 of November of the same year, in the Assembly celebrated in the convent of San Francisco in Caracas, in which Páez participated and spoke, pronounced one of the most revolutionary speeches, arguing than “the social pact was dissolved”. When the movement was paralyzed, at the beginning of 1827, with the presence of Bolivar, Núñez de Cáceres decided to leave Venezuela in the direction of Mexico. In this country, it developed activities of political and civic character that were worth in 1833 the title to him of Meritorious Citizen of the State of Tamaulipas.
University of Santo Domingo was director of, and director of the newspaper “the Genie”. wrote twelve Fables among them: the rabbit, the lambs and the shepherd, the wolf and the vixen, the spider and the eagle and the bumblebee and the bee .
It signed these fables with pseudónimo of “the nascent fabulista”, by this and by its works the merit of being is attributed to him the first Creole fabulista.
in 1846 died exile in Mexico .
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