Guillermo Valencia Salgado ( 1927 - 1999 ) was a musician, investigator of the folclor, poet, cuentero and Colombian writer, better well-known like " compae goyo" thanks to one of the personages whom with more success it interpreted. Its work concentrates in the rescue of the traditions and the essence of the man and the woman " sinuanos" (inhabitant of the zone bordering to Sinú River in the Colombian nor-West).

Biography

Childhood and Youth (1927-1953)

is born in the group of judges of the Sabanal in the city of Montería ( Colombia ) 18 of November of 1927, son of Do6na Dálila Salgado de Hoyos. attended his first studies in the Institute of the Sinú of Montería and in the Grammar school of Bolivar of Cartagena, and soon attended the first year of Right in University of Cartagena. At the beginning of Years 1950, occurs to know in " Colonial" radio; of the city of Cartagena with the personage " compae goyo", a farmer who, in words of Eduardo Pastrana Rodriguez, " he applies to spankings of pringamoza to the uncle tiger of the policy, to the aunt vixen of usury and the operation, to the aunt snake mapaná of the deceit and the corruption administrativa" and, in words of Antonio Mora, " between joke and joke, Town said to him to its truths to the enemies of Juan, and tiger of the government protested to him to the uncle and to the uncle fox of the policy by the misfortune of the uncle rabbit farmer who he representaba" . The name of to this would accompany it personage until its last days.

At that same time, in meetings in front of the sea with its friendly of Bohemian, began to create a musical rate " from porro sinuano or pelayero with great influence antillana", that would be called " The Sinuanito", and that would perfect during its life in Bogota . Many of their compositions would be recorded later by Antonio Vanderbilt .

Bogota (1954-1961)

In March of 1954, travels to the city of Bogota, presenting/displaying the libretos of its radial program to personalities of the Continental Radio and the National Broadcaster, until giving with Julio Echeverry Saavedra, companion of Ana Mojica, animates that it to appear live in the National Television transmitter. In Bogota, is with its friend Alvaro Garci'a Pombo, with whom lives in different pensions of downtown and with who begins to work their artistic project.

" Both resorted to the Kiko Maussa, of that they knew was working with Manuel and Delia Zapata in a televising program in which the Kiko played the role of San Pedro Claver . For that then, the Spanish Miguel Ayuzo, ordered to classify the programs in T., lost was enamored with Delia, such form that the libretos of “Costeñas Watercolors” were approved without majors difficulties… “Costeñas Watercolors” the first televising program is then that enters to rescue the regional folclor, presenting/displaying a picture of stamps of the Caribbean coast (Colombian). The group narrated outstanding histories and facts such as: velorio, the healer of snakes, and the singer of tenth, among others " .

Valencia Salgado, next to Garci'a Pombo, would act in plays televised such as " Chonta" ( 1955 ), directed by Bernardine Rosemary Lozano, and would obtain the prize " Nemqueteba", granted by the National Television transmitter to " Luis Alonso Linares" (Guillermo Valencia Salgado), like libretista of “Costeñas Watercolors”.

In Bogota, begins to meet with other costeños friendly such as Alvaro Mendoza Cabrales " cucaracho", Octavio Valencia Oil mill " compae Manué", Rita Anaya, Beatriz Aristihieta and Blanquita Mountain range, and, in the year of 1956, appears before the teacher Gerald Oil mill, librepensador and director of Free University, in order to culminate its studies of Right. This institution promoted the freedom of investigation and education, and it boasted of being a space of discussion of ideas. By this same one, Gerald Oil mill would be forced to resign to its position like director, before the pressure of cardinal Crisanto Luque, accused who it of " … to be a danger for the religious and catholic beliefs of estudiantes". Martinez says to Albio:

" The relation of friendship of the Goyo with the director Gerald Oil mill was narrow. The empathy was excellent. To the director it liked the manifestations folkloric and the poetry, and the young sinuano felt a great admiration by the man that announced the liberal and Marxist ideas, and with reciedumbre defended the revolt of his muchachos" .

Between 1956 and 1957, Valencia Salgado approves its second year of Right, being useful an allocation wage that is offered to him to realize activities of cultural spreading. Nevertheless, by familiar pressures, in the year 1958, where Free University attends his third year in, sectional moves to Barranquilla Barranquilla, and Pedro deed Maria, its first son, in the belly of Mirita Movilla. At that time he was already recognized by " to have gained with the poem “ Marine Light préstame your crown”, a poetry contest in Vienna (Austria) supported by the magazine “Student World”, organ of spreading of the 'Union the International of Estudiantes'& quot; . The persecution of which she is victim on the part of the victim father of Mirita Movilla motivates it to return to the city of Bogota in May of 1959 .

In the year of 1959, in one of parrandas costeñas organized by the Bazanta family Grapevines, Valencia Salgado meets Pablo Lopez. In these meetings, singers, gaiteros, dancers, artists and poets, recreated the folclor of the coast. Among them they were Guillermo Valencia, Alvaro Garci'a, Kiko Maussa, Eudhes Asprilla and Totó the momposina, among others. Martinez says to Albio on the poems that Valencia declaimed: " The Hombre" it was a dignification of " the human condition, was a full rejection to the dictatorship of Red prevailing from 1953", and “Préstame your crown, Marine Light ” were " ardent latigazos that ate away the backs of those who hid the misery of the town, with the obtaining of the crown of Universal Miss by the beauty manizalita" . As far as the musicians who executed the box, therefore it described Valencia to them Salgado:

" Their hands were two curves

stuffed of tense skin.

Their fingers cushioned

resounding of the sound,

because instead of hands they were

ignited lightning

those that violated the night

without raising vestido" to him;.

In 1960, attends its fourth year of Right and, next to Pedro Garci'a (singing), Pablo Lopez (box), Kiko Maussa (guitar), Reynaldo Lopez (guacharaca), Alexander Go'mez (accordion) and Miguel Garcerán (dulzaina), Guillermo Valencia (tumbadora) would form the musical group of Free University . The songs of this set show the love of Valencia Salgado towards their University:

" Here the freedom is born

because all they respect

for that reason the Free one is free

and with her not metan".

In June of 1960, the set of the Free University was invited to the Festival Folkloric in the city of Ibagué, and during the trip in bus towards this city, Valencia composed his " Song to the Tolima":

" Town, listens: you are of my beautiful mother country hard pricks and pink candy and forgets the resentment.

Never could a tolimense to sing to its own weeping to him like the weeping that today feels by the Gualanday lowering

Town, listens to sings costeño to you friend so that divine God brings La Paz to you.

Canto and prayer so that Tolima dreams that of the mountain comes sweet libertad"

The song was interpreted next to " Cumbia cienaguera", " Sampuesana" and other songs of the folclor of the Caribbean coast, and the presentation was so successful that they were removed in shoulders and with parade in car of firemen. In 1961, Javeriana University realizes an interuniversity contest folkloric, with a jury conformed by Garzón and Collazos, and the teacher Jose A. Morals, and the set of the Free one obtains the first position. That same year, Valencia finalizes its studies of Right academically.

Cordova and Sucre (Years 60)

In 1961, Valencia Salgado returns to the department of Cordova, where it exerts its race of Right, but also is recognized like declamador and poet, and invited to different recitales organized by the Secretariat from Education, the Departmental Library and the schools of the city.

During 60 Years, in Montería, meets in political-cultural social gatherings with intellectuals of the time, almost all members of political movement MRL, like Puche Youngest child Villadiego, Rafael and Roberto Yances Pinedo, Hernando Holy Rodriguez, Edgardo Visbal Grandson, Maximiliano Buelvas from the Ossa and Antonio Mora Vélez . It creates the well-known sculpture like " The Boga", that is destroyed to hammer blows because a priest the criticism by its nakedness. works like judge in the municipality of Tierralta ( Colombia ), where conciliation between the parts by outside the court is made famous solve the problems looking for. And it works like educational in the National Institute Simón Araújo, in the city of Sincelejo, where in addition it organizes diverse cultural activities. Between 1966 and 1967, organizes " Festival of the Río", event that aspires replaces to " Corralejas", that in their concept no longer was a sample folkloric but a business, idea that does not have the awaited effect.

Montería (Years 70 - Years 90)

At the beginning of 70 Years, works like professor of Universidad of Cordova and, from 1973, becomes professor of Spanish of the INEM of Montería .

On the year of 1975, is based the literary group the Tunnel, that would become one of the more important cultural institutions of the Colombian Caribbean Coast during end of the seventy and the eighty. Guillermo Valencia Salgado is invited to be part of the group, and are his members stimulate that it to write and to publish their work. Like result, he publishes " The Sinú and others cantos" (Montería, 1981), " Murrucucú" (Medellín, 1982), " Cordova: its people and his folclor" (Montería, 1987) and " Poemas" (Montería, 1990), and he is antologado in " Stories of the Túnel" (Montería, 1979), books these that rescue their literary work and of investigation.

After a laborious disease, Guillermo Valencia Salgado died in Montería the 29 of December of 1999 .

Cultural influence

Guillermo Valencia Salgado is a symbol of the folclor of the Colombian Caribbean coast, particularly of the sinuana region. Its work was, simultaneously, artistic and of investigation on this same folclor. Their poems, songs, stories, musical theory and plays, are all related to the sinuano folclor. On its work like investigator of the folclor, the own Valencia Salgado said:

" I have gutted lumps, overcome rivers, supported to rains and dark suns in my eagerness to reach the ways of my earth and to study thorough its folclor with the unique intention to explain it people, country… " .

Published works

Books

  • " The Sinú and others cantos" (Montería, 1981)
  • " Murrucucú" (Medellín, 1982)
  • " Cordova: its people and his folclor" (Montería, 1987)
  • " Poemas" (Montería, 1990)

Anthologies

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