German declination designates to the different forms that a word in this language based on grammar Caso takes in which nouns, articles, pronouns and adjectives are used.

Articles

Definite articles

They correspond in Castilian to ", las".

Indefinite articles

The plural indefinite article does not exist in the German language

The use of K put in front to the indefinite Article serves subsequent to deny to the noun this, respecting clear one the different declinations and cases.

  • Ich habe k ein Buch - I do not have a book

  • Sie isst k einen Apfel - it does not eat an apple

Nouns

Marcamiento of sort, number and Caso

Contrary to Spanish, German nominal Group owns variations in grammar cases whose marks mix with those of sort and Number . Thus, in d' es' klein' en' Junge' n, the sequence of the marks - es' - in - n at the same time provides the indications on Masculine, Singular number in and Caso genitive .

The marks of the declination of the nominal group

Two types exist: the main mark and the secondary mark. |}

The main mark falls:

  • Primarily on Determining : de' R' Mann .
  • On Adjective :
→Cuando there is no completion (ø) on the determinant: einø schöne' S' Kind .

→ For want of determinant: ø frische' S' Wasser .

  • On the nouns:
→Sobre masculine and the neutral ones in genitive: to der Preis DES Weine' S

→Sobre the sustantivados adjectives: Bekannt and .

|}

The secondary mark:

  • It falls only on the adjective (including the sustantivado adjective).
  • It is limited - and or - n .
  • It cannot appear but when the main mark already has been expressed.

Declination of nominal Base

The declination of the nouns is the declination of the part of nominal Group called nominal Base .

In German, three types of declination for the nominal base exist solely :

  • The type of singular and plural feminine declination
  • The masculine type of declination in - in or - n denominated " masculine débil".
  • Type of the masculine and neutral declination with a genitive in - s or - is

Exceptions

  • Nouns that, in the plural one, replace the completion of the singular on the other:
  • DAS Epos, die Epen .

Declination of common nouns

Declination of feminine

Declination of masculine in - in or - n

Declination of masculine and neutral with singular genitive in - s or - is

Adjectives

Declination of adjectives: Type 1

After the definite article (to der, DAS, die) the adjectives have two different completions: - and or - in :

Also the adjectives are declined when they are accompanied of " the family to der ": to dieser, to jeder, to jener, to mancher, to welcher .

Declination of adjectives: Type 2

After the indefinite article ( ein, eine ) and kein, keine the adjectives has the following completions:

Also the adjectives are declined after the possessive ones: mein, dein, sein, to unser, to euer, ihr.

Declination of adjectives: Type 3

If the adjectives are single (that is, without articles) before the nouns, the last letter is identical to the last letter of the corresponding article. Exceptions: the forms of the singular, masculine and neutral genitive.

de' r' grüne Salat → grüne' r' Salat

da' s' frische Gemüse → frische' s' Gemüse

di' e' weiße Schokolade → weiß and Schokolade

di' e' blauen Trauben → blau' e' Trauben

Also the followed adjectives of numerals or some supports without completion are declined: etwas, mehr, mehrere, zwei…

Example: Für den Salat nehme ich etwas frischen Knoblauch, mehrere kleine Zwiebeln und fünf große Tomaten.

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