The use of K put in front to the indefinite Article serves subsequent to deny to the noun this, respecting clear one the different declinations and cases.
Ich habe k ein Buch - I do not have a book
Sie isst k einen Apfel - it does not eat an apple
Marcamiento of sort, number and Caso
Contrary to Spanish, German nominal Group owns variations in grammar cases whose marks mix with those of sort and Number . Thus, in d' es' klein' en' Junge' n, the sequence of the marks - es' - in - n at the same time provides the indications on Masculine, Singular number in and Caso genitive .
It cannot appear but when the main mark already has been expressed.
Declination of nominal Base
The declination of the nouns is the declination of the part of nominal Group called nominal Base .
In German, three types of declination for the nominal base exist solely :
The type of singular and plural feminine declination
The masculine type of declination in - in or - n denominated " masculine débil".
Type of the masculine and neutral declination with a genitive in - s or - is
Nouns that, in the plural one, replace the completion of the singular on the other:
DAS Epos, die Epen .
Declination of common nouns
Declination of feminine
Declination of masculine in - in or - n
Declination of masculine and neutral with singular genitive in - s or - is
Declination of adjectives: Type 1
After the definite article (to der, DAS, die) the adjectives have two different completions: - and or - in :
Also the adjectives are declined when they are accompanied of " the family to der ": to dieser, to jeder, to jener, to mancher, to welcher .
Declination of adjectives: Type 2
After the indefinite article ( ein, eine ) and kein, keine the adjectives has the following completions:
Also the adjectives are declined after the possessive ones: mein, dein, sein, to unser, to euer, ihr.
Declination of adjectives: Type 3
If the adjectives are single (that is, without articles) before the nouns, the last letter is identical to the last letter of the corresponding article. Exceptions: the forms of the singular, masculine and neutral genitive.