(1861-1913) Poet and writer. He was born in Santo Domingo the 23 from October from 1861. Their parents were Gastón Deligne and Angela Figueroa. It was orphaned, but Francisco was protected by the priest Javier Billini. This he allowed him to make his studies in the school Gonzaba San Luis, until finishing the baccalaureate.
Deligne completely dedicated to the study and culture of the letters in its free hours. It obtained a high degree of intellectual perfection, and the dominion of the language Latin and other modern languages. It was the most outstanding figure of the literary field in his locality. To his around a literary group formed that underwent its noticeable influence. In a moment, the influence of Gastón F. Deligne was made feel in the rest of the country and other countries. It wrote in the main literary publications that the country had until that date. Example: “Letters and Sciences”; “The Informed Magazine”; “The Pencil”, “” the Cradle of America”, in the city of Santo Domingo: “The Cable”, “Prosa and Verso”, in San Pedro de Macorís. In Santiago, it collaborated in “Cuba-Literary”.
Deligne committed suicide the 18 of January of 1913, tormented by the suffering that produced the leprosy to him, disease that suffered. With its production a new time in the Dominican literary thought begins. Its language was completely new. New literary images, deeper ideas morals, philosophical and psychological, gave to a character of special depth in the style of the poet and Deligne writer him. Deligne is the maximum representative of the call psychological poetry in all forms, but especially in the one of the feminine sicología, that it develops very well in his compositions. It did not participate in policy nor it held positions public, but success worked the poetry of political type by far. This type of poetry was tried by Deligne from a philosophical and moral point of view. The political poetry of this author expresses the sicología or forms to feel and to think of the Dominican ones.
Its work “Ololoi” is most important of its political poetry. In her the fight between the freedom and the oppression treats, which it perfectly describes in his shining style. That is to say, it described with very good images to the dictators, and to the town that its freedom looks for. This double description presents/displays the moral picture to us of the atmosphere in which the dictatorships develop. Their poems about the feminine sicología are: “Anguishes” and “Secrets of Cristina”. The creativity and originality in Deligne are brilliant. One always insisted on looking for new and better forms of artistic expression. Sometimes, to look for a very original language, their writings are a little heavy. But the honor of being the one of our more original poets and most important literary figure of its time in our country cannot be cleared him. The works in verse and prosa of Deligne are collections in several publications: “Solitude” (1887). “Galaripsos” (1908). “Romance of the Forgotten Hispaniola” and “Pages” (1944), edition realized by the historian Rodriguez Demorizi. In this work, one takes shelter all the poetic production of Deligne until then not published, as well as its writings in prosa.
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