Francisco Gregorio Billini (1844-1898) Writer, politician and Dominican Educator . President of the Republic (1884-1885), resigned after refusing to limit the freedom of the press. She is author of the costumbrista novel Baní or Engracia and Antoñita (1892) and of diverse plays. the 25 of April of 1844 was born in Santo Domingo. Writer, journalist, educator and politician. Son of Hipólito Billini and Maria de Regla Aristy. He made his primary and secondary studies in his native city in the School of Boneau Father. Soon he passed to the Council Seminary Santo Tomás de Aquino where he was disciple of Fernando Arthur de Meriño. Its militancy in the Blue party and its conviction that the country had to preserve its independence motivated, it to participate in the War of the Restoration of 1863-1865. His repudio to the antipopular policy of Báez cost the exile to him in 1868. To its return to the country one evolved like government official arriving To be delegated by Azua (1874), Minister military and Navy (1880) and President of the Senate and the Congress (1882). In 1884, after one fought electoral fight in which he overcame to Casimiro Nemesio de Moya, President of the Republic was chosen. 1ro took possession from the position. of September of 1864 and it resigned to the same the 16 of May of 1885, Its unexpected resignation disturbed to many of its followers. In 1890 as a result of the death of its uncle, the philanthropist Father Francisco Xavier Billini, assumed the direction of the School Gonzaga San Luis. The Echo of the Opinion founded the newspaper (1879) and collaborated assiduously with the National, the Cable, Letters and Sciences, the Messenger and the Patriotic one. Its more excellent contribution of Billini to national Literature is the novel Baní or Engra-company and Antoñita (1882), in which it judges the politico-social behavior and the customs of the nineteenth-century banilejos. It died in Santo Domingo the 28 of November of 1898.

Biography

NOVEL: Baní or Engracia and Antoñita. Santo Domingo: It presses the Echo of the Opinion, 1892. THEATER: Love and purification. Santo Domingo: It presses the Town, 1882.

PASSIVE BIBLIOGRAPHY

Alcántara Almánzar, Jose. “Engracia and Antoñita”, in Anthology of Dominican Literature. Santo Domingo: Dominican Cultural publisher, 1972:33. | Alcántara Almánzar, Jose. " Francisco Gregorio Billini", in Two centuries of Dominican Literature (S. Santo Domingo: Sesquicentenario collection of National Independence, 1996:111 - 116. “Francisco Gregorio Billini”, in the media in the Dominican Republic. Santo Domingo: Typesetter factories the Nation, 1933:44 | Balaguer, Joaquin. History of Dominican Literature. Santo Domingo: Coripio publisher, 1988:182 - 184. Santiago of the Horsemen: Editorial the Newspaper, 1944:229 - 239. | Contín Aybar, Néstor. History of Dominican Literature. San Pedro de Macorís : Central university of the East, 1983:193 - 198. | De la Cruz, Josefina. The Dominican Society of end of the century through the novel. Santo Domingo: Independent of Santo Domingo, 1986:315 - 334. | Dominican encyclopedic dictionary. Santo Domingo: Dominican Publishing society, 1988:69. | Dominican encyclopedia. Santo Domingo: Dominican encyclopedia, 1976. | Fleury, Victor; Ricart, Gustavo; Inexperienced, Pedro R. “Francisco Gregorio Billini”, in One hundred Dominican famous ones. Santo Domingo: America publications, 1974:165 - 166. Dictionary of Dominican authors 1492-1994. Santo Domingo: Colorscan publisher, 1994:60 - 61. | Galván, Manuel de Jesus . " The novel of Billini", in Rodriguez Demorizi, Emilio. Baní and the novel of Billini. Santo Domingo: Publisher of the Caribbean, 1964:194 - 198. | Garci'a Godoy, Federico. " Francisco Gregorio Billini", in Impressions. Moca: The press of J. Brache, 1889:17 - 24. | Garci'a Godoy, Federico. " Francisco Gregorio Billini", in Rodriguez Demorizi, Emilio. Baní and the novel of Billini. Santo Domingo: Publisher the Caribbean, 1964:207 - 211. | Neat, Miguel Angel. " Francisco Gregorio Billi-ni", in Silhouettes. Santo Domingo: Typography the Progress, 1916:75 - 84. | Goico Castro, Manuel de Jesus. “Francisco Gregorio Billini”, in prosa artistic in Santo Domingo. Santo Domingo: Coripio publisher, 1982:41. | Henríquez Ureña, Max. historical Panorama of Dominican Literature. Santo Domingo: Dominican bookstore, 1965:330 - 332. | Henríquez and Carvajal, Federico. " The novel of Billini and crítica", in Rodriguez Demorizi, Emilio. Baní and the novel of Billini. Santo Domingo: Publisher of the Caribbean, 1964:217 - 224. | Lebrón Saviñón, Mariano. History of the Dominican culture. Santo Domingo: National university Pedro Henríquez Ureña, 1982:9 - 10. Dominican historical biographical dictionary 1821-1930. Santo Domingo: Independent University of Santo Domingo, 1971:67 - 68. “Francisco Gregorio Billini”, in Studies of Dominican Literature. Trujillo: Pol Brother, 1955:207 - 208. | Morals, Gabino Alfredo. “Billini”, critical Brevario. City Trujillo: Montalvo publisher, 1955:93 - 95. | Rock Batlle, Manuel Arthur. “Francisco Gregorio Billini”, in Anthology of Dominican Literature. Santiago of the Horsemen : Editorial the newspaper, 1944:229 - 231. Ideology of the Creole novel. Santo Domingo: Independent university of Santo Domingo, 1986:35 - 47. Francisco Gregorio Billini, contributes to the spreading of prócer. Santo Domingo: National university Pedro Henríquez Ureña, 1982. | Rock, Political Frank A. “and government in the thought of Francisco Gregorio Billini”, Collection of Conferences Dominican Thought. Santo Domingo: Museum of the Dominican Man, 1983. “Francisco Gregorio Billini: study to prefile to Baní, Engracia or Antoñita. ” Santo Domingo: Coripio publisher, 1998. | Vallejo de Paredes, Daisy. “Francisco Gregorio Billini”, in Dominican literary Anthology. Santo Domingo: Technological institute of Santo Domingo, 1981:39 - 41. | Vallejo de Paredes, Daisy. Biographical and bibliographical notes of some Dominican writers of century XIX. Santo Domingo: Publications ONAP, 1995:165 - 173. Francisco Gregorio Billini

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