Festival OTI of the Song or Festival of the OTI or Great Prize of the Latin American Song (Original Name), was an international contest of songs, in which the countries pertaining to Organization of Latin American Television (OTI) participated each with a song (mechanical similar to the one of Festival of the Song of Eurovisión ). From their beginning, in 1972, to 1981, votings via telephone were realized, mediantes juries by countries; as of 1982, a jury of room trained by people related to the world of music evaluates the different songs by means of voting, and the musical subjects that greater score obtains take a prize in metalist (as of 1990). The variation that undergoes the room jury, is that in 1982, he is a jury by participant country, which they give his puntajes in a abierta voting, the inverse thing in 1983 (the voting is secret), and in 1984, famous and bound juries with music are designated. The festival stopped being celebrated in 2000 .
In 1969 - I Festival of the Latin Song - Gained Lucesita (Genesis) by Puerto Rico ; being second Denisa Kalaf (Latin Canelón) by Brazil, and third party Jose Luis Rodriguez (No, it cannot be), Venezuela .
In 1970 - II Festival of the Latin Song - Gained Claudia Brazil (Cançao de Amor and Paz) by Brazil ; being second Mir it (With the arms cruzados) by Venezuela ; and third party Jose Jose (the Sad one), by Mexico .
The Festival of the OTI was celebrated for the first time in 1972 in Madrid, and its last edition took place in the year 2000 in Acapulco . As of that year diverse natural catastrophes in the countries in which it was going to be celebrated motivated his suspension, being its continuity pending since then.
The objective of the Festival was to generate a process of Latin American unit through interchange of cultural expressions, especially of music. The first festivales still had major importance with the participation of interpreters and composers of great reputation in their respective countries of origin that secured an international projection, in spite of not being always the winners.
Great voices passed through the festival such as Camilo Sesto, Marisol, Dyango, Hernaldo Zúñiga, Cecilia, Imelda Miller, Yuri, Lupita D'alessio, Jose Luis Rodriguez, Betty Missiego, Llunas Marks, Maria Ostiz, Francisco or Sweet Pontes between many others.
Similarly, some composers obtained important recognitions with their participation, such as Riccardo Ceratto (Puerto Rico 1974), Felipe Gil (Mexico 1975) Carlos Mejía Godoy (Spain 1977) Juan Carlos Calderón (Spain 1977), Sergio Andrade (Mexico 1984), among others.
Without arriving at the success of the Festival of Eurovisión, the Festival of the OTI achieved several success (one of the most remembered the victory of Spain in 1981 with Francisco interpreting " Latino") and it was extended besides the traditional Latin American space (it llámese this North America, America Central and South America) to Guinea Ecuatorial and the United States, arriving itself to celebrate the festival in an occasion in Caesar´s Palace of the Fertile valleys (the United States) in 1990.
In the total count of victories Mexico and Spain they lead the classification with six triumphs.
It reached the number of 25 participant countries. Next the listing of the countries according to its entrance in the competition:
The possibility that counting of the year 2008 exists becomes to carry out, having as the Mexican locality of Cancún soothes .
The presence of mythical figures of Latin music in the edition of the international festival speaks to us of the importance of the same: In Argentina Victor Heredia, Silvina Garré and Guillermo Guido, in Brazil Denise de Kalafe (besides Baden Powell like composer), in Chile Alberto Place, Jose Alfredo Sources, Patricia Maldonado, Fernando Ubiergo and Florcita Motuda, in Colombia Andres Diggings and the attempt to send to the singer Shakira but due to its young age in that then ones could not participate, of El Salvador Alvaro Towers, Ecuador Jesus Fichamba, Spain Marisol, Camilo Sesto, Cecilia, Maria Ostiz, Clean Wheat, Jose Maria Purón, Dyango, Gonzalo Benavides, Vicky Larraz, Alpaca Grouse and Isabel Montero, Francisco this last unique winner in two occasions of the festival and Llunas Marks ; of Guatemala Ricardo Arjona, Mexico Lupita D'Alessio, Yuri, Eugenia Leon, Imelda Miller and Ana Gabriel, of Nicaragua Luis Enrique Mejía Godoy, Carlos Mejía Godoy and Hernaldo Zúñiga, of Panama Basilio, Puerto Rico Expensive Nydia, Ednita Nazario, Chucho Avellanet and Lou Briel . Of Dominican Republic Charytín Goyco, of Uruguay the Iracundos or Venezuela Jose Luis Rodriguez . Many other figures chose not to participate from fear of failing in the attempt and other great figures like Star, Cristian Castro and Pandora did not manage to surpass the national stage to attend the Festival the International.
For the distribution of you soothe, have followed criteria different. Although for a reason in agreement between the member countries of the OTI, first it soothes was the Spanish capital, Madrid, of there in future, would follow (or at least that was the idea) the rule of the Festival of Eurovisión, that is to say, the winning country would be the one who would have to organize the festival. Nevertheless, in 1978 that idea debio to be left of side when not being able to organize the festival of this year, the Nicaraguan, winning television of the previous year, when being its country in the heat of civil war, reason why it soothes had to be changed to Santiago of Chile.
This concept would return to implement itself in 1980, when organizing itself in Buenos Aires the festival after the Argentine victory in 1979, but after that year it would give in of definitive way, following a distribution system by drawing or designation between the countries that were financially in conditions for organizing a festival, arriving to occur in an occasion that a same city organized in three years consecutive the Latin American contest (Valencia between 1992 and 1994).
Until the year 2000, both countries with greater amount of victories were Spain and Mexico with six triumphs each, followed of Argentina with four and Brazil with three.
In the following table are all the countries that have participated in the Festival and the number of times that have been in a certain place. Is a total of points that multiplied salary 12 by nº of times in the first place + 10 by nº of times + 8 by nº of times thirdly + 7 by 4º corresponds secondly place + 6 by 5º place + 5 by 6º + 4 by 7º + 3 by 8º + 2 by 9º + 1 by nº of times in 10º place and for being finalist in the festivales of 1991, 1997, 1998 and 2000 (since in these festivales was a previous round of classification). Also they pick up the number of times that a country has not been classified for a end or it has not obtained position (NC), the number of times that has entered between the 10 first positions (t), the number of participation (p), and the year of the debut.
Spain in the Festival of the OTI
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