Batalla of Carthage got rid in 698 between the Roman armies of Exarcado of Africa and the Muslims of Califato Omeya . The Romans (Byzantine) of Carthage already had been defeated once the Muslims. Basileus (emperor) Leoncio sent the Navy under the command of Juan the Patricio and estratego Tiberio Apsimar . They entered port and successfully and reclaimed the city in an impressive surprise attack. The citizens of the city rejoiced and the Arab forces fled to Kairouan . As Gibbon writes, “the Christians disembarked; the citizens greeted to the standard de la Cruz, and the winter was impassible in the lost dream of the victory or the liberation”.

The Emir Hassan Ibn To the Numan went in mission of pacification to territories of Tamazgh (as he is called by the natives) or of the Maghreb (in Arab for the west), but he retired of the campaign in the field to face the renewed Roman challenge the emergent califato. In Kairouan, it began the plans to return to take Carthage in the following spring. Esteem that headed a force of 40000 men. The Romans made a call of aid to their traditional allies, native Amazigh, and even to their enemies frank Visigodos and . In spite of to have reclaimed the city, the Romans were in disorder due to the bitter fight that characterizes to the interior of medieval Rumania and the destination there of great part of their force. Previous exarca, Gennadius, had been a traitor to the Christian cause, deserted to the Muslims and vasallo became his. The king of the visigodos, Witiza, sent a force of 500 soldiers with the purpose of to help to defend Carthage, to perhaps verify the increasing Muslim threat, that, so near Hispania visigoda, produced the loosening of great pieces of Byzantine Empire .

Hassan, infuriated to have to return to take a city that had resisted to become position of the Romans, did not offer a capitulation. Emperor Leoncio, sadly famous by his hard reaction to the failure, also had given instructions to his forces gain the victory or the death. The Romans advanced ahead and presented/displayed battle to the Arabs directly, but they were defeated. Later they preferred to urge the rebellion through princes Amazigh. The Roman commander Juan decided to hope to the site behind the walls of Carthage and to leave to the Arabs escape occasion, since they could continue being resupplied by sea. The defenders face an overwhelming force unfolded by Hassan, whose men tried to scale the walls with stairs ferociously. The Arabs combined their assaults by earth with an attack from the sea, that she caused that Juan and Apsimar feared to be catched within the city. Nevertheless, the determination of the defenders was in the second and last great destruction of Carthage. The Romans retired to the islands of Corsica, Sicily and Crete to resist the Muslim expansion and to wait for aid of the emperor.

Consequences

Juan the Patricio later was assassinated by a conspiracy on the part of his companion commander, Tiberio Apsimar. Tiberio then Apsimar, instead of to take the step logical to return to Africa to fight against the Muslims, sailed to Constantinople. After a successful rebellion, raised the throne like Tiberio III, and later was demoted by the ex- emperor Justiniano II, which it was known like rhinotmetus (cut nose). The conquest of Tamazagh ( North Africa ) on the part of the forces of the Islam was almost complete. Hassan marched past triumphal, but soon by a force was humiliated in Kahena Roman - Roman who expelled to Hassan and his men from the Tamazgh - North Africa until arriving at Egypt, that now was call To the Masr by the Muslims. Hassan would have to wait for during five long years before the caliph gave more troops him to demand his revenge of Kahena against the Jews bereberes.

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