Aranjuez is municipality of Community of Madrid ( Spain ), head of Divided judicial, whose term is crossed by the rivers Edge and Jarama .

of is one of Real Sites Spanish monarchy since Felipe II named therefore it in 1560, although owns in addition the title to town from 1899 . It is for that reason that also is known like Real Sitio and Villa de Aranjuez .

is famous by his Real Palace and his Gardens, by its kitchen gardens of Fresas and Asparagus by to have served as inspiration to the composer Joaquin Rodrigo for his Concert of Aranjuez, as well as by the call Riot of Aranjuez, that took place in this locality in 1808, and that finished with the abdication of Carlos IV in favor of its son Fernando VII . The Cultural Landscape of Aranjuez was declared Patrimony of the Humanity by UNESCO in 2001 .

Etimología

It is had if the etymological origin of the place-name could be Basque . Rafael Lapesa picks up the supposition of other authors from which comes from Arantza (“Hawthorn”), although also could be Aran (“Valley”) or even its homonymous Aran (“Plum”). Llama the attention the situation of Aranjuez in valley of the Edge, as well as the proximity to the toledana locality of Plum trees .

According to Antonio de Nebrija, the origin of the name would have Arab Ibn Arankej (“Place populated with walnuts”), although Father Vine shoot suggests the Latin place-name Altar Iovis (“Altar of Jupiter ”), related to a possible temple dedicated to Jupiter Pluvio .

The village of Almuzúndica, mentioned in Century XI, could correspond to Aranjuez. During Average Age appears in texts like Arauz or Aranz ( Century XII ), Aranzuel, Aranzuech ( Century XIII ), Aranzueque, Aranzugue, Aranzuet or Arançuex, until finally Aranjuez was called already in Century XV .

Indeed from Aranz comes the proposed gentilicio arancetano, that as soon as it is used. Without embago, he is daily and popular the coastal, used to be Aranjuez to borders of Edge and very near word of Jarama .

The voice Aranjuez seems to be ligature etymological with Aranzuelo (river of Burgos ), Aranzueque (locality of Guadalajara ) and Aránguiz (locality of Alava ).

History

Chronology:
  • 220  a. : Batalla of the Edge takes place, in which the armies of Aníbal overcome to Roman and their carpetanos Basque allies and ólcades
  • 1085 : Alfonso I SAW it conquers the old existing Muslim town in the zone, and extends its dominions until Toledo .
  • 1108 : The zone returns to Muslim hands.
  • 1139 : Alfonso VII reclaims earth for Castile .
  • 1171 : Conquest of Alfonso VIII . By that one time two villages by the zone existed: Aranz and Alpajés .
  • 1178 : Definitive conquest of Aranjuez and incorporation to Order of Santiago .
  • 1387 : Lorenzo Suárez de Figueroa, master of the Order of Santiago, constructs to a large house or palace of recreation, that in addition serves like field hospital for convalecencia as the horsemen hurt in the war with Muslim during Recapture .
  • 1489 : Kings Católicos, when becoming masters of all the military orders, turned the large house in palace. Since then until the end of has been primaveral residence of Kings of Spain Century XIX .
  • 1523 : Aranjuez becomes real property into the hands of Carlos I, when receiving from the Pope Adriano I SAW the dignity of Master of Order of Santiago .
  • 1530 : Construction of Embalse of the Embocador to regulate the volume of the river Edge and to allow the irrigation of the cultures of the zone.
  • 1540 : Carlos I makes construct to the bridge on the river Edge, as well as Gardens to Luis and Gaspar de Vega .
  • 1560 : Felipe II grants to Aranjuez the title of Real Site .
  • 1561 : Felipe II commands to construct Real Palace of Aranjuez ( Juan Baptist of Toledo and Juan of Herrera ) on the location of the old large house, destroyed by the fire several times. Of this form, the facilities of the Court, as well as were extended Gardens .
  • 1568 : Isabel de Valois dies in Aranjuez the queen, wife of Felipe II .
  • 1580 : Rest of arms (swords, lances, helmets, etc.) of Roman origin are discovered in Aranjuez .
  • 1660 : Real Palace of Aranjuez undergoes a spectacular fire.
  • 1665 : Real Palace of Aranjuez undergoes a second fire.
  • 1706 : During War of Spanish Succession, the Portuguese Marquess of the Mines temporarily establishes in Aranjuez its government, after to have empowered of the Court the Portuguese and English armies under its control.
  • 1752 : During the reign of Fernando I SAW is born in itself the municipality from Aranjuez we understand as it nowadays, because before Royal Family could not reside nobody except, the crew members of Palace and the Court. In order to spend the night was necessary to move until Ocaña or other near towns and towns.
  • 1753 : Edge is constructed to the cascade of the river, next to Real Palace of Aranjuez .
  • 27 of August of 1758 : of Braganza dies in Aranjuez the Barbarian queen, wife of Fernando I SAW .
  • 1761 : Carlos III makes construct to the call Long Bridge on the river Jarama, of 300 meters in length.
  • 1765 : The construction of begins Convent of San Pascual, that would last until 1770 .
  • 1766 : Carlos III sends to the construction of Real Cortijo of San Isidro .
  • 10 of July of 1766 : The one dies in Aranjuez that outside queen of Spain, Isabel de Farnesio, wife of Felipe V .
  • 1767 : The French architect Jaime Marquet initiates the construction of the call Theater Coliseo de Carlos III, more known later like Great Theater .
  • 12 of April of 1779 : Treated about Aranjuez is signed, by which Spain takes part in War of the Independence of the United States .
  • 18 of July of 1790 : An attack against takes place in Aranjuez Count of Floridablanca, del that leaves unharmed.
  • 13 of February of 1801 : is signed Agreement of Aranjuez, by which Spain yielded to France its fleet military to attack the United Kingdom .
  • 1803 : Carlos IV makes construct House of the Farmer, in Garden of the Prince, thus named to be created when it was still Prince of Asturias .
  • 21 of January of 1806 : Princess passes away in Aranjuez consorte of Asturias, Maria Antonia of Naples, wife of the future Fernando VII .
  • 17 of March of 1808 : Riot of Aranjuez, that forced to abdicate to the king Carlos IV in favor of its son Fernando VII .
  • 25 of September of 1808 : The Governmental Central Supreme Meeting meets in Aranjuez to plan the actions that had to be taken to restrain the French invasion in War of Spanish Independence .
  • 26 of December of 1818 : passes away in Aranjuez the queen Maria Isabel de Braganza and Borbón, wife of Fernando VII .
  • 13 of May of 1822 : Francisco de Asís de Borbón is born in Aranjuez, future husband of the queen Isabel II .
  • 15 of May of 1822 : is also born in Aranjuez Juan de Borbón and Braganza, pretending carlista to the throne of Spain.
  • 18 of May of 1829 : passes away in Aranjuez the queen Maria Josefa Amalia de Saxony, wife of Fernando VII .
  • 9 of February of 1851 : Inauguration of the line of Railroad that united Madrid with Aranjuez, more well-known like Train of Fresa . is the second railway line of Spain, after the one of Barcelona - Mataró ( 1848 ).
  • 15 of September of 1853 : Opening of the railway section Aranjuez Tembleque in the line Madrid - Palace of San Juan .
  • 12 of June of 1858 : Reina Isabel II inaugurates the railway connection between Aranjuez and Toledo .
  • 12 of July of 1883 : Inauguration of the line of Aranjuez railroad River basin .
  • 1885 : Aranjuez undergoes an epidemic of Rage . The king Alfonso XII turns House of Sailors into unexpected hospital to take care of the population. This fact remembers with the statue in honor to this existing king in Plaza of the Constitution of Aranjuez.
  • 1899 : Aranjuez receives the title of town . Since then, he is Real Sitio and Villa .
  • 1923 : Railway station is constructed present, that replaces a previous building located next to Palace of Aranjuez . at the moment follows in operation like station of Neighborhoods.
  • 1931 : Santiago Rusiñol dies the painter, while it was painting Gardens of Aranjuez .
  • 3 of June of 1931 : Real Palace of Aranjuez is named Historical Monument Artistic.
  • 1933 : Great Theater adapts like room of Cinema .
  • 1939 : Joaquin Rodrigo composes in Paris Concert of Aranjuez, that would take the name from the city to all the corners of the planet.
  • 1940 : National Patrimony recovers Real Palace of Aranjuez .
  • 1956 : First Shield of Aranjuez, by Manuel Saavedra Rock .
  • 1980 : First edition of the call Pirate Reduction of the Edge, festive parade of boats by the river Edge .
  • 1982 : First edition of Celebrations of the Riot of Aranjuez .
  • 1983 : Aranjuez is declared Joint Historical-Artistic (Real Decree of 14 of September of 1983 ).
  • 5 of April of 1987 : Potable Water arrives finally from Channel of Isabel II .
  • 1988 : The variant of the railcar is inaugurated A-4, at that time called National IV, and so the numerous vehicles stop crossing the city that circulate around this highway.
  • 1989 : closes its doors Great Theater by its ruinous state.
  • 1992 : Celebrations of the Riot of Aranjuez are declared of national tourist interest .
  • 18 of February of 1995 : Inauguration of Municipal Stage “the Delight”, soothes of the local football team Real Aranjuez C.
  • 1998 : The municipal corporation approves Flag of Aranjuez .
  • 14 of December of 2001 : UNESCO declares the Cultural Landscape of Aranjuez like Patrimony of the Humanity .
  • 6 of September of 2005 : Spanish Selection of soccer sub-21 disputes to a party against Serbia and Montenegro in Municipal Stage “the Delight”, with the final result of 2-0.
  • 15 of November of 2005 : With the inauguration of the line of BIRD Madrid - Toledo, Aranjuez loses its railway connection with the capital Castilian-of La Mancha .
  • 2006 : Shield of Aranjuez is modernized until transforming itself into a logo.
  • 2 of October of 2006 : The third line of urban bus enters operation ( Line 4 ), that unites the interurban bus-station of the Street Infants with PAU of the Mountain .
  • 12 of April of 2007 : in the line of enters operation the trains model Civia Neighborhoods C-3 Aranjuez Atocha .
  • 9 of May of 2007 : The fourth line of urban bus enters operation ( Line 3 ), that until now unfolds the route of Line 2 and that makes the urban bullet hole of Aranjuez in diagonal. Nótese that in spite of being the fourth line in being inaugurated its numeration is " 3".
  • 10 of July of 2007 : The second center of health of Aranjuez, located in the district of Olivas is inaugurated .
  • 11 of December of 2007 : A new joint Police station of is inaugurated National Police and Municipal Police, the first that is constructed in the Community of Madrid and second of Spain, after the one of the municipality of Two Brothers . In her 180 police and 30 volunteers of will work about Civil defense .
  • 25 of February of 2008 : is inaugurated Hospital of the Edge, located in District of the Mountain of the locality.
  • 1 of April of 2008 : According to NSI Aranjuez surpasses the 50,000 inhabitants, reaching the number of 52.

Geography

Location

km is located to 47 to the south of Madrid ( Spain ) and to 494 Msnm (in the zone of railway station ). Its municipal term limits North with Ciempozuelos, Titulcia, Chinchón and Colmenar de Oreja (all of them localities of Community of Madrid ). For the rest of the cardinal points, Aranjuez is surrounded by Province by Toledo ( Castilla-La Mancha ). To This is contiguous with Ontígola, Ocaña, Plum trees and Yepes ; South limits with the city of Toledo and with Almonacid de Toledo . To the West does with Mocejón, Villaseca of the Sagra, Añover de Tajo, Borox and Seseña .

With a densidad of 244.7 habitantes/km ² ( 2006 ), their municipal term of 189.13 km ² turns, it into the most extensive of Community of Madrid after the one of capital .

Access roads

Most of the transports are connected with capital of Spain .
  • Important highways:
    • North-South axis: Railcar A-4 (old N-IV), Madrid - Cadiz .
    • Alternative North-South axis: Freeway of Toll |Radial 4, Madrid - Ocaña .
    • Axis west-this: N-400, Toledo - River basin .
  • Local highways of the secondary network and:
    • M-305, highway of Villaconejos and Chinchón .
    • M-416, highway of the Infants, District of Aranjuez.
    • Highway of Ontígola ( Toledo ).
  • Important railway junction:
    • Train of Neighborhoods C-3 Madrid Atocha - Aranjuez .
    • Lines of long-haul to This and South of Spain (connections with River basin, Valencia, Palace of San Juan, Albacete, Alicante, Jaén, Algeciras ).
    • Until the inauguration of the line of BIRD Madrid - the Toledos in November of 2005, Aranjuez and its districts of Scaffolding and Algodor had railway connection with the city of Toledo. At present, this connection no longer exists.
    • Through their municipal term passes the routes of BIRD Madrid - River basin - Valencia, at the moment in construction, although it is not certainly has stopped in Aranjuez.

Relief

The relief of Aranjuez is smooth, with numerous hills and cleared hills, that have as you fold them to origin and collapses of the land produced by the erosion of the water. These hills mainly are in the south and Southeast of the municipal term. Account with several geodesic vertices. Highest they are located in the Hill of Charity (646.30 Msnm, 40º 1 ' 38,2887" N, 3º 31 ' 14,7547" W), in the border with the municipal term of Ontígola, and in the Hill of Valdelascasas (640.90 Msnm, 40º 1 ' 39,3219" N, 3º 34 ' 47,8812" W), to the Southeast of the city, that is crowned by the two ruins of búnkeres of Spanish Civil War . Other vertices within the extensive term of Aranjuez are the one of the Hill of Cabin (612.30 Msnm, 39º 59 ' 20,3129" N, 3º 38 ' 28,5646" W), next to the Flamenco one, the one of Hill Snake (547.10 Msnm, 39º 55 ' 5,7165" N, 3º 46 ' 58,8062" W), in Villamejor, and the one of Valdelacierva (545.50 Msnm, 39º 58 ' 27,7198" N, 3º 42 ' 9,8591" W), in the Infants .

Most of the municipal term is in valleys of the Edge and the Jarama, that terraces form and that extend of North to Southwest. They correspond to the lowest zones, than goes up to around the 500 Msnm.

The land is partly yesífero of Quaternary and Miocene, and partly limestone . In the zone have been deposits of Paleolithic inferior, as well as of first Age of Iron, as well as paleo-christian Roman rest and .

Hydrography

Aranjuez is in the left border of the river Edge, whose valley crosses the municipal term of This Southwestern a. On the other hand, the river Jarama passes of North to the South by the western limit of the municipal term, until ending at the Edge by the right, kilometers after Aranjuez.

Besides these two rivers, is possible to mention the river Algodor (in the administrative division between Madrid and Toledo ), Stream of Martin Roman, Stream of Ontígola and Stream of the Cabin . The hydrographic system completes with the channel of High Tail, the one of Low Tail, the one of Azuda, as well as the one of Jarama .

Embalse of the Embocador, constructed in 1530 closely together of Real Cortijo of San Isidro, has by regular objective the volume of the Edge, as well as to facilitate the workings of agricultural irrigation. On the other hand, Sea of Ontígola makes own with the Stream of Ontígola .

In the municipal term of Aranjuez are three protected natural reserves : Natural Reserve of the Reedbed of Villamejor, Reserve of the Regajal-Sea of Ontígola and Park of South-east (low courses of the rivers Apple orchards and Jarama ).

In addition Zone of special protection for the birds is declared like (ZEPA), according to Directive 76/407.

Vegetation

In the shores of the rivers, as well as in the urban helmet and the dependant zones of National Patrimony grows Elm trees Poplars brakes, poplars cypresses, Olive trees Moreras Oaks and Willows although in hills of Aranjuez also we can find Thyme, Esparto, black Pine and Gatuña . In yesíferos grounds grows Ontina and Saponaria, whereas in the karsts appears Llantén and Pipe . Nevertheless, the most abundant tree is shade banana . The urban green ground reaches a 7% of the helmet of the city.

Climate

Aranjuez counts on Mediterranean Climate continentalizado, like the center of Spain . Invier to us they are cold and humid, with frequent frozen (160 to the year of average), that can take place from October to May . Nevertheless, made snow-white is very little habitual due to their low level (around the 500 Msnm ). They are very frequent phenomena of anticyclonic stagnation, in which dense fog due to the humidity of form Edge . The coldest month is January (5°C of average), with a minimum record of -10°C.

On the other hand, the summers are long and very warm. The warmest month is July (25°C of average), with a maximum record of 42°C.Es the region with the highest temperatures of all the Community of Madrid, that easily surpasses 35°C during the months of Julio and August .

The annual average temperature is of 13,8°C, with an annual precipitation of 456 mm (other sources indicate 385. The average number of days of rain to the year is of 68.65 days, with a maximum precipitation of 110 mm produced in a single day ( 9 of September of 1990 ).

Population

Ever since in 1752 Fernando I SAW allowed the free establishment of people in Aranjuez (before people related there to the Court only could live), the municipality has not done more than to grow, although to a moderate rate. In 1900 had 11,772 neighbors, that they happened to 21,536 in 1940, 35,619 in 1981 and 40,113 in 2001 . In April of 2008 was made public the last official data of population available of NSI, that they indicate that 52,224 people live in Aranjuez, although the City council of Aranjuez assures that in this month the population empadronada in the municipality promoted 55,026 inhabitants (27,137 men and 27,889 women).

During second half of the first decade of the 21st century, due to the extension of the city in PAU of the Mountain and City of the Arts, as well as the construction of new residential zones like PAU of the Pitchings, AGFA and Long Bridge, Aranjuez has overcome for the first time in its history the barrier of the 50,000 inhabitants.

19º within occupies the position Community of Madrid in which to population it talks about, right after Majadahonda (63.545), Rivas-Vaciamadrid (59.188) and Villalba Col (52.886), but in front of Arganda of the King (47.373), Old Colmenar (41.876) and Three Songs (40.014), ( NSI, data to 1 of January of 2007 ).

Comparing Aranjuez with the capitals of province of Spain, its population surpasses to the one of Teruel (34.205) and is slightly inferior to the one of Avila (53.794), River basin (52.819) ( NSI, data to 1 of January of 2007 ).

The proportion of foreign population is of 9.63% ( 2005 ), where the origin countries that contribute more immigrants are, from largest to smallest, Rumania, Colombia, Morocco and Ecuador . Nevertheless, data of 2008 indicate that this percentage ascends to 17% of the total population, where a 44% come from other European countries, a 33% of countries of South America and a 17% are African.

Government and administration

According to Nomenclator of NSI, Aranjuez is made up of the following population units: urban helmet, Algodor, Special Academy of Civil Guard, the Tejeras, Scaffolding, Real Cortijo of San Isidro, the Flamenco one, the Infants, Villamejor, the Hill, the Mountain, Grove of the Hinojar and Sotomayor.

As well, the City council of Aranjuez divides the urban helmet in the following districts: Center, Orchard, Olives, the Birds, New Aranjuez, Pit, Moreras and the Mountain.

The groups of Divided to Socialist Spanish Worker (PSOE), with 11 councilmen, Divided Popular (PP), with 9 councilmen and comprise of the municipal corporation Independent Citizen Grouping for Aranjuez (ACIPA), with 1 councilman. The municipal government is trained by PSOE, although in previous legislatures (like in the 2003-2007), there were pacts with Left United (IU). The mayor is at the moment (2007) Jesus Dionisio Crossbowmen (PSOE).

Due to the increase of population (52,224 inhabitants in 2008 according to NSI ), the number of councilmen will ascend of 21 to 25 for municipal elections of 2011 .

Economy

The main one to pound of the coastal economy is the hotel trade and Tourism . By occupation sectors, according to data of 2005 65.7% of the population is dedicated to the services, 20.2% to the industry, 12.1% to the construction and 2% rest to agriculture. Nótese the changes produced from 1991, when the proportions were 46.7% for agriculture, 5.4% for construction and 0.8% for energy and management of the water.

In January of 2005, the number of unemployed was of 1814 people (60.

Agriculture

Aranjuez is located in the Fertile valley of the Edge, reason why Wheat has a very suitable ground for the culture of (mainly) and others Cereals Also is plantations of horticulture ( Asparagus and typical Fresas of Aranjuez), irrigated land and dry land ( olive, vines, melonares, typical of the neighboring region of Castilla-La Mancha ). Other cultures of the zone are Sorghum, Sunflower, early Potato, Tomato, Artichoke, Beet and Pepper .

Industry

The proximity to Madrid and the good existing communications (wagon and railroad) make of Aranjuez a place apt for the installation of diverse industries: mechanical, computer science and electrical material, material detergents, constructions photographic, pharmaceutical products, sugar varnishes and paintings, refineries, oil mills. In the last decades the sugar bowl and the factory of photographic material of Agfa have been closed. In return, the textile company Cortefiel glides to construct a great factory in Aranjuez in the next years.

The majority of the industries is located in the western zone of the city, beyond railway station and in the neighborhoods of the water purifier, as well as in the industrial estate " Gonzalo Chacón", located to the south. The main existing industries at the moment are:

  • Lever (detergent).

  • Indra (technologies of the information and defense).
  • Metallic carbides (industrial and medicinal gases).
  • FYSE (pharmaceutical products).
  • Bosch (automotion electricity).
  • Industrial estate of the Slaughter house (it trains several of transformation).
  • Industrial estate Chacón (it trains several of transformation, tanatorio and ITV).
  • API (signaling of highways).

Commerce

Since it has been indicated previously, Aranjuez is a municipality overturned essentially in the sector services, oriented to the commerce and the tourism. Municipal Market owns, that dates from Century XIX, as well as Sign, that takes place Saturdays. The zone center, delimited by Reconciled of Infants to the north, Street of the Pit to the east, Reconciled of the Bullring to the south and Valeras Street to the west, is the one that contains major densidad of commerce of all type. As well, in the South zone, in Orchard-Trim off lower branches of District exists a great commercial center of the French chain E. Also, is predicted for 2008 a new commercial center in the North zone, in District of the Mountain, of the chain Superco called Aranjuez Place Commercial Center, according to describes in its page Web the company.

Aranjuez always has been an attractive city for the tourists thanks, among others reasons, to Real Palace, Gardens, the river Edge and the kindness of the climate and the landscapes. In 1984 the City council of Aranjuez, National Patrimony and the Museum of the Railroad of Madrid started up an important tourist initiative with the call Train of Fresa, Locomotive tourist train thrown by one of steam and formed by time wagons, that realize since then and during the summer time the route between Madrid and Aranjuez as it would already be made from the inauguration of the line in 1851 . On the other hand, the inauguration of the variant of the Madrid-Andalusia railcar ( A-4 ) in 1988 brought one serious crisis in the commercial and tourist sector, when seeing itself reduced the number of vehicles that crossed the city.

In 2001 UNESCO declared the Cultural Landscape of Aranjuez Patrimony of the Humanity and since then the tourist height still more has been accentuated. In particular, this cultural landscape includes/understands the zones watered by the rivers Edge and Jarama, as well as the historical kitchen gardens and the groves (Legamarejo, Picotajo, Rebollo), Real Palace and Gardens (King, Island, Parterre and Prince), and the historical helmet of the city (district Center, delimited by Reconciled of the Bullring and Street of the Pit ). Great amounts were spent of money in embellishing the city-planning patrimony and to numerous bars and restaurants were abrieron (of 2001 to 2004 the number of these has grown a 22%).

The last realized tourist initiative to date has been the inauguration in 2005 of Great CasinoAranjuez in District of the Mountain .

Heraldic

Aranjuez counts on municipal shield since in created Manuel Saavedra 1956, although has been modified and simplified in 2006 until turning it into a logo. Also, owns official flag from 1998.

Mass media

written Press

  • '' 4Esquinas ''
  • '' Digital Consumo ''
  • '' the Mirror ''
  • '' The Heraldo de Aranjuez ''
  • '' One ''
  • '' Weekly MAS ''
  • Plank of Announcements
  • '' Free Forums of Aranjuez ''
  • '' Deporte de Aranjuez ''

Radio

  • Aranjuez Wave, 107.

  • Chain To be Aranjuez, 89.
  • Wave Zero Aranjuez, 90.
  • Radio Flight, 92.

Transports

Aranjuez is located in the tariff zone C1 of Regional Partnership of Transports of Madrid .

Train

In 1823, in the years of absolutist reaction, Marquess de Pontejos presents/displays its project of iron way between Aranjuez and Madrid, that inauguraró Isabel II, under the sponsorship of Marquess of Salamanca, 8 of February of 1851 . The well-known Train of Fresa was the second railroad of the Iberian Peninsula and the third party of Spain after the section that covered Barcelona - Mataró . The first Spanish train, and this data is little well-known, was constructed years in Cuba before. The objective of the train of the strawberry was the one to transport the product of the kitchen gardens until the capital.

At the moment is the line of Neighborhoods C-3 of the RENFE, that arrives at Madrid in 42 minutes crossing the cities of Ciempozuelos (to 10 minutes), Valdemoro (15 ms), Pinto (20 ms), Industrial Getafe (25 ms), Marrying (28 ms), San Industrial Cristóbal (31 ms), San Cristóbal of Los Angeles (34 ms), Villaverde Under (38 ms) and Atocha-Neighborhoods (42 ms).

The frequency of the trains varies based on the day. Of Monday through Friday, the frequency is of 10-20 minutes in rush hour (6: 00-9: 00 hours; 13:30 - 15: 30; 17:30 - 20: 10) and of 30 minutes (5: 30-6: 00; 9:00 - 13: 30; 15:30 - 17: 30; 20:30 - 23: 30). Between workable Mondays and Fridays (except in August and the Christmas period), trains also exist " Civis" that, eliminating some shutdowns, minutes reduce the time of trip in about a 7-10. Festive Saturdays and the schedule throughout stays in a train every 30 minutes the day. In August, month of vacations, there are sections of the day in which it only leaves a train hourly. In comparison to the rest of lines of the RENFE, this one is the one that undergoes a smaller frequency, due, among others reasons, to the passage by these historical routes of trains merchandize, regional and those of long-haul (like those of Alicante ).

Bus

From May of 2007 Aranjuez counts on four urban lines of Bus, that cover almost all the municipality, including District of the Mountain . These lines are:
  • Line 1: Railway station - City of the Arts . This line connects station of the RENFE, to the west of the locality, with the north of the District of the Birds, downtown, as well as with the district of Moreras, finishing its route in the Public square of Music, in the district of the City of the Arts. It passes through the public school San Fernando, the Church Spirit Santo, the Place of the City council, the Center of Health of c Pit, the Center of New Technologies of c Infants, the Church of Alpajés, the is Alpajés, the private school Santiago Apostle, the public school Carlos III and the is Santiago Rusiñol.

  • Line 2: Railway station - Residence . This line connects station of the RENFE with the south of the district of the Birds, the FYSE factory (also well-known zone like Penicillin ), the Stroll of Deleite, the residence of old deprived " The Real Deleite", Loyola Doménico Scarlatti of Languages of the City council Supplies New Aranjuez San Isidro the public Public square and, the Municipal Polideportivo, the public school, the District, the c, the Place, the Official School, the is, the private school residence old of the Community of Madrid of 1º of May.
  • Line 3: Railway station - Public square New Aranjuez . This line shares route with the line 1 from station of the RENFE to the c Florida, that it crosses until arriving at the Municipal Stage the Delight. Later it happens through the Bullring, stops next to the private school San Pascual and borders the Public Park Well of Snows, to finish his route in the Public square of the New Aranjuez.
  • Line 4: Railway station - District of the Mountain . One is a line that connects station of the RENFE, with the District of the Mountain, happening through Hospital of the Edge and the Great Casino of Aranjuez.

With respect to the interurban transport in bus, the city has connections with Belmonte, Belmonte de Tajo, the Penitentiary Center Madrid I SAW, Chinchón, Ciempozuelos, Colmenar de Oreja, Real Cortijo of San Isidro, Fuensanta, Madrid, Miguel Esteban, Ocaña, Quintanar of the Order, Quintanar of the King, San Clemente, San Martin of the Fertile valley, Seseña, Valdelaguna, Valdemoro, Villaconejos, Villarejo de Salvanés and Villarrubia of Santiago . The interurban lines are:

  • Line 410 : Aranjuez Ciempozuelos - San Martin of the Fertile valley .

  • Line 419 : Madrid (South Station) - Aranjuez Quintanar of the Order .
  • Line 420 : Penitentiary Aranjuez-Center Madrid I SAW.
  • Line 423 : Madrid (South Station) - Aranjuez.
  • Line 430 : Aranjuez Villarejo de Salvanés .
  • N402 Line (nocturnal): Madrid (Atocha) - Ciempozuelos - Aranjuez.

Sports

  • the city is been always tie to the river Edge, and so the aquatic sports have great tradition, like Piragüismo or oar, that can be practiced in Existe in addition the Nautical Station of Tourism. In the Olympic candidacy of Madrid for Olympic Games of 2012, that finally will be celebrated in London, Aranjuez comprised as sub-office to lodge the tests of these sports. In any case, the construction of necessary the sport facilities follows still on, with forecast of conclusion in 2010 .es/sql/ficheros/Nota2007110502.pdf the president is committed with

mayor to " agilizar" the construction of the Channel of Remo and Piragüismo
  • Aranjuez also has two equipment of Soccer, Real Aranjuez C. Anchor, which disputes to the Preferred league of 1ª in Municipal Stage " The Deleite", and that also has equipment in categories inferiors. On the other hand Site of Aranjuez' is necessary to also add to the equipment C. and Salesianos Loyola .
  • From both historical equipment of basketball in Aranjuez, VILLA DE ARANJUEZ H. is born (old Basket Aranjuez and Safa), that counts on a total of 12 equipment (6 in masculine category and 6 in feminine), besides the School of Basketball oriented to smallest and subsidized by the City council. And the new and promising Olympic club Aranjuez which counts on six teams in infantile categories, senior cadets and of both sexes.
  • It has as well a municipal polideportivo (plus which is being constructed throughout 2007 in the zone of Olivas), a municipal sport pavilion, as well as diverse pavilions of the different schools and institutes public.
  • , one pertaining to Club of Aranjuez Golf exist as well two fields of Golf located next to the call Bridge of Reina on Edge, and the other next to casino constructed North of the city.
  • can be practiced riding in Equestrian Society of Aranjuez, located to borders of the river Edge . In the zone of Legamarejo, to the west of the urban helmet, is a left race course, that Century XX was used until the decade of 1930 of .
  • By diverse streets of the urban helmet, as well as by their hoisted strolls, can be practiced Cycling by his tracks bici, as well as by the diverse ways.
  • In autumn the flight in can also be practiced air balloon, with the celebration of Open the International of Aerostation of Aranjuez, also known like the Romantic Regata .
  • In addition it has the scholastic matches in different categories and sports.

Health

Aranjuez belongs to sanitary area 11 of Community of Madrid, and so its hospital of reference is University Hospital 12 of October of Madrid . The municipality has a center of health of primary attention, with a peripheral center of specialties, as well as emergency services. In Julio of 2007 was inaugurated a second center of health in the district of Olivas, that is anticipated takes care of 18,000 people (25,000 in the future). A base of the Service of Emergencia and Rescate of the Community of Madrid exists as well (SERCAM).

On the other hand, in April of 2007 finished to the construction sites of the call Hospital of the Edge, with capacity of 90 beds, expandable up to 116 in 2017 according to the population increase. This hospital, whose sanitary services will be of public management, whereas the nonsanitary ones are private, will be the center of reference not only for Aranjuez, but also for Colmenar de Oreja, Chinchón, Valdelaguna and Villaconejos . Although it was predicted for the spring of 2007, finally of 2008 abrió to its doors 25 of February, not without certain controversy, when being electoral period .

Aranjuez also has three residences of old (public and two prevailed), as well as a center by day. Also AIDS exists to the outskirts a residence for patients of (BASIDA) and a local center of attention to drogodependientes.

Villagers I illustrate (in sequence alphabetical)

B

  • Mariano of the Band, speaker, writer and Mariano journalist of the Band.
  • Cattle Fernando Poplar, painter .
  • Enrique Bárcenas, Player of basketball .
  • Carlota Joaquina de Borbón (* 25 of April of 1775 - † 6 of July of 1830 ), daughter of Carlos IV . was infant of Spain, reigns of Portugal and honorary princess of Brazil .
  • Felipe Maria de Borbón (* 28 of March of 1792 - † 1 of March of 1794 ), son of Carlos IV, infant of Spain .
  • Francisco de Asís de Borbón (* 13 of May of 1822 - † 17 of April of 1902 ), king consorte and husband of the queen Isabel II .
  • Francisco de Paula de Borbón (* 10 of March of 1794 - † 13 of August of 1865 ), son of Carlos IV .
  • Juan de Borbón and Braganza (* 15 of May of 1822 - † 21 of November of 1887 ), pretending carlista to the throne of Spain, as well as suction to the one of France.

C

  • Juan Carlos Channels, painter .
  • Mirela Cabero, Singing young person that participated in the television programs People of First, the rounds of classification of Eurojunior and in Eurovisión Mission, where was in second position after the group D'Nash to represent Spain in Festival of Eurovisión 2007 of Helsinki .
  • Clavet Duck (* 24 of October of 1968 ), Tennis player

D

  • Virginia Diaz, actress .

G

  • Luis Cattle Go'mez, painter .
  • Miguel Distinguished, painter .

H

L

  • Antonio Lopez, man of the time of Telemadrid .
  • Eduardo Vague Lopez, Writer .

M

  • Alex Martinez Redondo, Writer .
  • Manuel Mejía Fronton, painter .
  • Eloy Mendieta Diezma, painter .
  • Juan Luis Blackberry Palaces, soccer player .
  • Angel Luis Muñoz Durán, painter .

P

R

  • Valley Rico Pacheco, painter .
  • Juan Luis Ruiz De Dyezma, painter and landscaper .

S

  • Antonio Sanchez-Guzmán Apple orchards, painter .
  • Iván Sanchez-Rico Grove Riki alias (* 11 of August of 1980 ), soccer player .
  • Manuel Saavedra Rock, painter .

T

  • Rubén Torreira, painter .

Neighbors I illustrate (in sequence alphabetical)

  • Kurt Gold Lopez, painter .
  • Alicia Hermida, Actress .
  • Palomo Linares, Bullfigther .
  • Ricardo de Lózar, painter .
  • Manuel Merino Maqueda, painter .
  • White Dark, painter .
  • Joaquin Rodrigo, Musical .
  • Santiago Rusiñol, Actor, Writer and painter .
  • Jose Luis Sampedro, Writer .
  • Guillermo Schulz, German geologist .

Culture

Aranjuez has an important cultural life. Cultural Center Isabel de Farnesio emphasizes, that lodge the Municipal Library and the File, the room of study, the Audience Joaquin Rodrigo, the School of Music and the Municipal Band, as well as diverse exhibition halls. Throughout the year diverse festivales are celebrated, like Festival of Old Music or the one of music folk. The theater company Cambaleo has his soothes in Aranjuez, in the call Ship of the Cambaleo, that previously was an animal slaughter house.

Two new Municipal Libraries are approved for their construction: one in the District of the Birds and another one in the one of AGFA (Moreras) .

Education

Aranjuez counts on an ample educative supply for all the levels:
  • Pre-school Level: 2 centers public and 3 private ones.

  • Infantile education: 9 centers public, 3 arranged and 1 private one.
  • Primary education: 7 centers arranged public and 4.
  • Secondary education: 3 centers arranged public and 3.
  • Baccalaureate: 3 centers public and 2 private ones.

One of the centers Infantile and Primary public of is within the program of bilingual schools of Community of Madrid. Also counts on one Official School of Languages, a Local Center of Education for Adult People and a Local Center of Special Education. On the other hand, in two of the Institutes public of Secondary Education of the locality courses of are offered also Professional Formation .

With respect to public the university education, Aranjuez tells on Training center Superiors Felipe II, assigned University of Alcala of Madrid, and directed by the foundation of the same name, in which participates to equal parts Community of Madrid, the City council of Aranjuez and the own University of Alcala. On the other hand, University King Juan Carlos realizes in Aranjuez its courses of summer and has besides the call Palace the Nuncio, where it realizes courses and conferences.

Training center Superiors CNAM Aranjuez, assigned private institution to Conservatoire National DES Arts ET Métiers, French institution of Technical Education Superior and Investigation, completes the university educative supply of the city.

Traditions

  • In summer is very habitual to go to have dinner to the existing merenderos next to the river Edge. These places is known like gangos locally.
  • Also it is a popular saying: " If you want to see rain, announces bulls in Aranjuez". Its origin must to that May usually spoils the time for the local celebrations of and September, in which are celebrated in excess of bulls .
  • Other words and native expressions of Aranjuez are the following: berola (head), berolo (stone, rough stone), búnibo (shrub), to make horns (to make pellets or young bulls, that is to say, to need to the school or the work), gango (merendero) etc.

Gastronomy

  • Products of the Coastal Kitchen garden: is famous Fresas fresones and Asparagus
  • is very typical also Pheasant, bird characteristic of its forests, that it also admits very varied preparations and presentations. One has become the strong, irreplaceable plate by its juiciness, of all coastal menu.

Tourism

Monuments and places of interest

  • Real Palace of Aranjuez ( National Patrimony ).
  • Gardens : Parterre, of the Island, the Prince and Isabel II.
  • House of Offices and House of Horsemen .
  • House of Infants and House of Atarfe .
  • Museum of Barges (House of Sailors).
  • House of the Farmer .
  • Place and Church of San Antonio .
  • House of Employees (at the moment City council ).
  • Church of Alpajés .
  • Convent of San Pascual de Aranjuez .
  • Old Hospital of San Carlos (pending of restoration).
  • Theater Coliseo de Carlos III or Great Theater (demolished in the 80, until now not reconstructed, at the moment the facade and in very badly is only visible been), that will be recovered throughout 2006 by Ministry of House of Spain .
  • Market of Supplies .
  • Bullring and Bullfighting Museum " A Great Fiesta".
  • Palace of Medinaceli .
  • House of the Governor (at the moment soothes of Training center Superiors Felipe II).
  • Old Garages of Reina Mother, today Cultural Center " Isabel de Farnesio".
  • typical Coralas .
  • Palaces of Godoy, today Sagrada school Family, and Osuna .
  • Silvela palace (also known like Palace Bavaria ).
  • Center of Interpretation of Reserve of the Regajal-Sea of Ontígola .
  • Natural Reserve of the Reedbed of Villamejor .
  • Historical groves and Strolls. Kitchen gardens of Picotajo, Legamarejo and Rebollo.
  • Regional base of South-east .
  • Real Cortijo of San Isidro .
  • House of the Sum, constructed by order of Carlos III in 1761 and destined to the real herd of mares of a military stud farm, the building is of stone of Colmenar and brick of gauge, being the relief of the fore door work of the sculptor Juan Reyna.
  • Railway station, of neoMudejar style, that dates from 1923 .

Celebrations, Ferias and Festivales

  • In May is celebrated the Fair of Crafts " Alfaranjuez", as well as the Festival of Folk music " Aranjuez Folk". Also the Fair of the Used and Nearly new Car takes place in this month.
  • 15 of May, day of San Farm Isidro, romería in near District of Real Cortijo of San Isidro .
  • 30 of May, day of San Fernando, landlord of Aranjuez.
  • Between May and June is celebrated the Festival of Old Music of Aranjuez.
  • In June takes place the Fair of Libro de Aranjuez, in counterpart with the Fair of Used Libro and of Occasion, that is celebrated in September .
  • First week of September, Celebrations of Riot of Aranjuez, declared of national tourist interest .

Aranjuez in the cinema

On 1933 the studies of were based on Aranjuez Cinema ECESA (Estudios Cinema Español, S.), in which the following films would be rolled:

Besides these, it has been place of running of other hundreds of films like the Fabulous World of the Circus of Samuel Bronston, the Three Mosqueteros and the Four Mosqueteros de Richard Lester, Patton, etc.

Aranjuez in the television

Aranjuez is one of the scenes of the multiple plots of the famous series of television Cuéntame how passed, of Spanish Television . Also some episode of has been rolled Central Hospital ( Telecinco ).

Aranjuez in music

Concert of Aranjuez, made up of Joaquin Rodrigo, is one of the musical pieces more known in the world. Diverse versions sung exist by: Richard Antony, Jose Feliciano, Il Divo, Brightman SARAH, and many artists more, although with another title: In Aranjuez with your love . Also or are versions of great of instrumental music like the Alpaca of Lucia John Williams .

Aranjuez has been scene of some videos, like Bailar stuck, of Sergio Dalma, I leave to Madrid You, of Shakira, or Seven petals, of Chenoa .

Aranjuez in Literature

Aranjuez has been the literary work object or scene numerous.

Aranjuez in the painting

The city has been recreated by numerous artists throughout history. Thus for example, in 1764 Savage Antonio painted his Montgolfier Globe in Aranjuez, at the moment in Museum of the Prado, and that represents the first aerostatic flight realized in Spain ( 1751 ).

Italian Fernando Brambila (or Brambilla) realized in 1830 by order of Fernando VII his Seen of the Sites Reales and Madrid, a series of stamps of Real Sites, of which 27 are dedicated to Aranjuez.

Also, the Catalan painter Santiago Rusiñol immortalized in his numerous paintings Gardens of Aranjuez .

Aranjuez in the world

In other cities, essentially in Community of Madrid, exists streets with the name of Aranjuez, like for example:
  • Alcala de Henares ( Community of Madrid, Spain ).

  • Alcorcón (Community of Madrid, Spain).
  • Azuqueca de Henares ( Guadalajara, Spain).
  • Barinas ( Barinas, Venezuela ).
  • Cambrils ( Tarragona, Spain).
  • Campello ( Alicante, Spain).
  • Casarrubios of Monte ( Toledo, Spain).
  • Colmenar de Oreja (Community of Madrid, Spain).
  • Marrying (Guadalajara, Spain).
  • Escobedo ( Coahuila, Mexico ).
  • Esquivias (Toledo, Spain).
  • Getafe (Community of Madrid, Spain).
  • Nectarine (Community of Madrid, Spain).
  • Humanes (Community of Madrid, Spain).
  • Leganés (Community of Madrid, Spain).
  • Madrid (Community of Madrid, Spain), where exists Street of Aranjuez and Street Gardens of Aranjuez .
  • Noblejas (Toledo, Spain), with his Reconciled of Aranjuez .
  • Olot ( Gerona, Spain).
  • Even it (Community of Madrid, Spain).
  • Puertollano (Ciudad Real, Spain).
  • Pulpí ( Almeria, Spain), in the district of San Juan of the Piles .
  • Roquetas of Sea (Almeria, Spain).
  • Ruby ( Barcelona, Spain).
  • San Cristóbal of the Lagoon ( Tenerife, Spain).
  • San Fernando Cadiz, Spain).
  • San jOse ( Costa Rica ), the one of whose districts Aranjuez is called, pertaining to the district of Carmen .
  • San Martin of the Fertile valley (Community of Madrid, Spain).
  • San Miguel de Salinas (Alicante, Spain).
  • San Pedro Heron Garci'a ( Nuevo Leo'n, Mexico), in the colony of San Ángel .
  • Sant Vicenç dels Horts (Barcelona, Spain).
  • Seseña (Toledo, Spain).
  • Tijuana ( Baja California, Mexico).
  • Utebo ( Saragossa, Spain).
  • Valdemoro (Community of Madrid, Spain).
  • Villaviciosa de Odón (Community of Madrid, Spain).

In other countries cities exist whose name or the one of some of its districts is also Aranjuez .

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